CITRIC ACID - (77-92-9)

介绍

名称: citric acid; 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid; hydrogen citrate
* IUPAC
CAS号码: 77-92-9
化学式: C6H8O7
摩尔质量: 192.12352 g
质量百分比: C 37.509 %; H 4.1970 %; O 58.293 % 

分类

• 有机 • 羧酸

用途/功能

• "...is found in the juices of lemons, oranges, limes, gooseberries, and many other kinds of fruits." 1

• "An acid found in citrus fruits or prepared synthetically in the form of colorless crystals or white crystalline powder, which is soluble in water, ether, and alcohol. The hydrous form is used as a flavoring agent." 2

粘接

双键: 3
三键: 0
σ键: 20
丕债券: 3
总: 23
羧基: 3
羟基: 1

反应

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来源

(1) - Brownlee, Raymond B., Fuller, Robert W., and Whitsit, Jesse E. Elements of Chemistry; Allyn and Bacon: Boston, Massachusetts, 1959; p 328.
(2) - Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 18th ed.; F. A. David Company: Philadelphia, PA, 1997; p 21.
(3) - Zumdahl, Steven and Zumdahl, Susan A. Chemistry 9th ed.; Brooks/Cole: Belmont, CA, 2014; p 132.