CITRIC ACID - (77-92-9)

Einführung

Name: citric acid; 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid; hydrogen citrate
* IUPAC
CAS-Nummer: 77-92-9
Chemische Formel: C6H8O7
Molmasse: 192.12352 g
Massenprozent: C 37.509 %; H 4.1970 %; O 58.293 % 

Einstufung

Verwendung / Funktion

• "...is found in the juices of lemons, oranges, limes, gooseberries, and many other kinds of fruits." 1

• "An acid found in citrus fruits or prepared synthetically in the form of colorless crystals or white crystalline powder, which is soluble in water, ether, and alcohol. The hydrous form is used as a flavoring agent." 2

Kleben

Doppelbindungen: 3
Dreifachbindungen: 0
Sigma Bonds: 20
Pi Bonds: 3
Gesamt: 23
Carboxygruppen: 3
HYDROXYLGRUPPEN: 1

Die Reaktionen

Für mehr Informationen

Quellen

(1) - Brownlee, Raymond B., Fuller, Robert W., and Whitsit, Jesse E. Elements of Chemistry; Allyn and Bacon: Boston, Massachusetts, 1959; p 328.
(2) - Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 18th ed.; F. A. David Company: Philadelphia, PA, 1997; p 21.
(3) - Zumdahl, Steven and Zumdahl, Susan A. Chemistry 9th ed.; Brooks/Cole: Belmont, CA, 2014; p 132.