CITRIC ACID - (77-92-9)

Inleiding

naam: citric acid; 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid; hydrogen citrate
* IUPAC
CAS nommer: 77-92-9
chemiese formule: C6H8O7
molêre massa: 192.12352 g
massa Persent: C 37.509 %; H 4.1970 %; O 58.293 % 

klassifikasie

Gebruike / Function

• "...is found in the juices of lemons, oranges, limes, gooseberries, and many other kinds of fruits." 1

• "An acid found in citrus fruits or prepared synthetically in the form of colorless crystals or white crystalline powder, which is soluble in water, ether, and alcohol. The hydrous form is used as a flavoring agent." 2

binding

dubbelbindings: 3
trippelbindings: 0
Sigma Bonds: 20
Pi Bonds: 3
Totaal: 23
karboksielgroep Groepe: 3
hidroksielgroepe: 1

reaksies

Vir meer inligting

Bronne

(1) - Brownlee, Raymond B., Fuller, Robert W., and Whitsit, Jesse E. Elements of Chemistry; Allyn and Bacon: Boston, Massachusetts, 1959; p 328.
(2) - Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 18th ed.; F. A. David Company: Philadelphia, PA, 1997; p 21.
(3) - Zumdahl, Steven and Zumdahl, Susan A. Chemistry 9th ed.; Brooks/Cole: Belmont, CA, 2014; p 132.