LACTOSE - (63-42-3)

introduzione

Nome: lactose; β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-D-glucose*; milk sugar
* IUPAC
Numero CAS: 63-42-3
Formula chimica: C12H22O11
Massa molare: 342.29648 g
Stato della materia: white solid
Percentuale di massa: C 42.106 %; H 6.4782 %; O 51.415 % 
isomeri:  sucrose  •  maltose

Classificazione

• biologico • etere

Usi / Funzione

• "Both forms of lactose are employed, with the α-form predominating: as a nutrient in preparing modified milk and food for infants and convalescents. In baking mixtures. Pharmaceutic aid (tablet and capsule excipient and diluent). To produce lactic acid fermentation in ensilage and food products. As chromatographic adsorbent in analytical chemistry. In culture media. Therapeutic (veterinary): Added to cow's milk for feeding orphan foals." 1

bonding

doppi legami: 0
tripli legami: 0
Sigma Bonds: 46
pi Bonds: 0
Totale: 46
carboxyl Gruppi: 0
gruppi idrossilici: 8
ibridazione: all carbons and oxygens are sp3

Per maggiori informazioni

fonti

(1) - The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 13th ed.; Budavari, S.; O'Neil, M.J.; Smith, A.; Heckelman, P. E.; Kinneary, J. F., Eds.; Merck & Co.: Whitehouse Station, NJ, 2001; entry 5358.