SUCROSE - (57-50-1)

Introducción

Nombre: sucrose; sugar; saccharose
* IUPAC
Número CAS: 57-50-1
Fórmula química: C12H22O11
Masa molar: 342.29648 g
Porcentaje de masas: C 42.106 %; H 6.4782 %; O 51.415 % 
isómeros:  lactose  •  maltose

Clasificación

• orgánico • éter

Usos / Función

• "Cane sugar" 1

Vinculación

Los enlaces dobles: 0
triples enlaces: 0
enlaces sigma: 46
enlaces pi: 0
Total: 46
Grupos carboxilo: 0
Grupos hidroxilo: 8

termoquímica

ΔHf° (s): -531.9 kcal/mol 2 = -2,225.47 kJ/mol
ΔHf° (s): -532.05 kcal/mol = -2226.1 kJ/mol 3
S° (s): 86.1 cal/(mol•K) 4 = 360.24 J/(mol•K)
ΔGf° (s): -369.18 kcal/mol 6 = -1,544.65 kJ/mol
The heat of combustion is the amount of heat released when one mole of a substance undergoes combustion according to the general reaction equation:
CxHyOz + 0.25(4x+y-2z) O2 (g) → x CO2 (g) + 0.5y H2O (ℓ)

ΔHcomb° (s): -1348.165 kcal = -5640.7804 kJ
ΔHcomb° (s): -1348.01433078394 kcal = -5640.15 kJ

Información de seguridad

NFPA 704 Ratings:
Health: 1 - Exposure would cause irritation with only minor residual injury.
Flammability: 1 - Must be heated before ignition can occur. Flash point over 93°C (200°F).
Reactivity: 0 - Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water.

Para más información

Fuentes

(1) - Brownlee, Raymond B., Fuller, Robert W., and Whitsit, Jesse E. Elements of Chemistry; Allyn and Bacon: Boston, Massachusetts, 1959; p 322.
(2) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:
(3) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2003; p 5-58.
(4) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:
(5) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2003; p 5-58.
(6) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:
(7) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2003; p 5-58.