2-METHYLBUTANE - (78-78-4)

介绍

名称: 2-methylbutane; isopentane; methylbutane
* IUPAC
CAS号码: 78-78-4
化学式: C5H12
摩尔质量: 72.14878 g
物质状态: colorless liquid
质量百分比: C 83.235 %; H 16.764 % 
异构体:  pentane*  •  2,2-dimethylpropane*

分类

• 有机 • 烷烃

物理性能

熔点:*
-159.9°C 1 = 113.25 K = -255.82°F
沸点:*
28°C 2 = 301.15 K = 82.4°F
27.8°C 1 = 300.95 K = 82.04°F
31°C 3 = 304.15 K = 87.8°F
密度 (g/cm3):
0.6201 at 20°C 1
* - 1 atm pressure

可溶性

定性:
易溶:  3
混溶:  • • 3

粘接

双键: 0
三键: 0
σ键: 16
丕债券: 0
总: 16
羧基: 0
羟基: 0
杂交: all carbons are sp3
粘接: polar covalent
Ionic Character: 10.61 %

了解更多信息

来源

(1) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 3-95.
(2) - Estok, George K. Organic Chemistry: A Short Text; W.B. Saunders: Philadelphia, 1959; p 29.
(3) - Shriner, Ralph L., Fuson, Reynold C., and Curtin, David Y. The Systematic Identification of Organic Compounds, 4th ed.; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1962; p 314.