RUBIDIUM CHLORIDE - (7791-11-9)

Introduction

Name: rubidium chloride
* IUPAC
CAS Number: 7791-11-9
Chemical Formula: RbCl
Molar Mass: 120.9208 g
Mass Percent: Rb 70.680 %; Cl 29.319 % 

Classification

• inorganic

Uses/Function

• "As catalyst; as gasoline octane number improver. Antidepressant." 1

Physical Properties

Melting Point:*
715°C 2 = 988.15 K = 1319°F
Boiling Point:*
1390°C 2 = 1663.15 K = 2534°F
Density (g/cm3):
2.76 at room temperature/pressure 2
* - 1 atm pressure

Solubility

Qualitative:
insoluble:  2
miscible:  • 2

Bonding

Bonding: ionic
Ionic Character: 70.91 %

Thermochemistry

ΔHf° (s): -103.98 kcal/mol 3 = -435.05 kJ/mol
S° (s): 22.6 cal/(mol•K) 4 = 94.56 J/(mol•K)
ΔGf° (s): -98.48 kcal/mol 5 = -412.04 kJ/mol

For More Information

Wikipedia
Journals:
B. S. Eichelman, Psychopharmacol. Bull. 9, 21 (1973)
R. R. Fieve et al., Am. J. Psychiatry 130, 55 (1973)
C. Paschalis et al., J. Roy. Soc. Med. 71, 343 (1978)
G. Placidi et al., J. Clin. Psychopharmacol. 8, 184 (1988)

Sources

(1) - The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 13th ed.; Budavari, S.; O'Neil, M.J.; Smith, A.; Heckelman, P. E.; Kinneary, J. F., Eds.; Merck & Co.: Whitehouse Station, NJ, 2001; entry 8365.
(2) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 4-79.
(3) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:4-9:94.
(4) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:4-9:94.
(5) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:4-9:94.