ANILINE - (62-53-3)

Introduction

Name: aniline; phenylamine; aminobenzene
* IUPAC
CAS Number: 62-53-3
Chemical Formula: C6H5NH2 or C6H7N
Molar Mass: 93.12648 g
Mass Percent: C 77.383 %; H 5.4116 %; N 15.040 %; H 2.1646 % 

Classification

• organic • aromatic

Bonding

Thermochemistry

ΔHf° (ℓ): 7.55 kcal/mol 1 = 31.59 kJ/mol
ΔHf° (g): 20.76 kcal/mol 1 = 86.86 kJ/mol
S° (ℓ): 45.72 cal/(mol•K) 2 = 191.29 J/(mol•K)
S° (g): 76.28 cal/(mol•K) 2 = 319.16 J/(mol•K)
ΔGf° (ℓ): 35.63 kcal/mol 3 = 149.08 kJ/mol
ΔGf° (g): 39.84 kcal/mol 3 = 166.69 kJ/mol

Reactions

Sandmeyer isonitrosoacetanilide isatin synthesis: 4


Balz-Schiemann reaction from the production of fluorobenzene from aniline: 5

For More Information

Sources

(1) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:66.
(2) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:66.
(3) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:66.
(4) - T. Sandmeyer. Helv. Chim. Acta 2, 234 (1919)
(5) - T. Sandmeyer. Helv. Chim. Acta 2, 234 (1919)