NITROGEN MONOXIDE - (10102-43-9)

導入

名: nitrogen monoxide; nitric oxide
* IUPAC
CAS番号: 10102-43-9
化学式: NO
モル質量: 30.0061 g
重量パーセント: N 46.679 %; O 53.320 % 

分類

• 無機

用途/機能

• "At the high temperatures produced by the lightning in a thunderstorm or in a forest fire, some NO forms and is liberated into the much cooler surrounding atmosphere." 1

• "In recent years, researchers have learned that very low concentrations of NO have important roles in a variety of physiological processes, not only in humans, but in such a variety of animals as barnacles, chickens, trout, and fruit flies. It has recently been found to be involved in transmission of signals by nerves, blood clotting, local control of blood flow, the immune system's ability to kill tumor cells and bacteria, and possibly even memory." 2

ボンディング

ボンディング: polar covalent
Ionic Character: 12.12 %

熱化学

ΔHf° (g): 21.57 kcal/mol 3 = 90.25 kJ/mol
S° (g): 50.347 cal/(mol•K) 4 = 210.65 J/(mol•K)
ΔGf° (g): 20.69 kcal/mol 5 = 86.57 kJ/mol

反応

詳細については

ソース

(1) - Gillespie, Ronald J., Eaton, Donald R., Humphreys, David A., and Robinson, Edward A. Atoms, Molecules, and Reactions; Prentice-Hall: Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1994; p 585.
(2) - Whitten, Kenneth W., Davis, Raymond E., and Peck, M. Larry. General Chemistry 6th ed.; Saunders College Publishing: Orlando, FL, 2000; p 961.
(3) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:4-9:94.
(4) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:4-9:94.
(5) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:4-9:94.
(6) - Zumdahl, Steven and Zumdahl, Susan A. Chemistry 9th ed.; Brooks/Cole: Belmont, CA, 2014; p 132.
(7) - Halka, Monica and Nordstrom, Brian. Metals & Metalloids; Infobase Publishing: New York, NY, 2011; pg. 96.
(8) - Ebbing, Darrell D. General Chemistry 3rd ed.; Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston, MA, 1990; p 135.
(9) - Swaddle, T.W. Inorganic Chemistry; Academic Press: San Diego, 1997; p 360.
(10) - Ebbing, Darrell D. General Chemistry 3rd ed.; Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston, MA, 1990; pp 223-4, 302.
(11) - Ebbing, Darrell D. General Chemistry 3rd ed.; Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston, MA, 1990; pp 135, 138, 194, 210, 219, 222, 224, 227.
(12) - Kotz, John C., Treichel, Paul, and Weaver, Gabriela. Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity 6th ed.; Thomson Brooks/Cole: Belmont, CA, 2006; p 166.
(13) - Ebbing, Darrell D. General Chemistry 3rd ed.; Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston, MA, 1990; pp 219, 302.
(14) - Ebbing, Darrell D. General Chemistry 3rd ed.; Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston, MA, 1990; p 138.
(15) - Ebbing, Darrell D. General Chemistry 3rd ed.; Houghton Mifflin Company: Boston, MA, 1990; pp 211, 219.
(16) - Halka, Monica and Nordstrom, Brian. Metals & Metalloids; Infobase Publishing: New York, NY, 2011; pg. 49.