LACTOSE - (63-42-3)

Introducción

Nombre: lactose; β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-D-glucose*; milk sugar
* IUPAC
Número CAS: 63-42-3
Fórmula química: C12H22O11
Masa molar: 342.29648 g
Estado de la materia: white solid
Porcentaje de masas: C 42.106 %; H 6.4782 %; O 51.415 % 
isómeros:  sucrose  •  maltose

Clasificación

• orgánico • éter

Usos / Función

• "Both forms of lactose are employed, with the α-form predominating: as a nutrient in preparing modified milk and food for infants and convalescents. In baking mixtures. Pharmaceutic aid (tablet and capsule excipient and diluent). To produce lactic acid fermentation in ensilage and food products. As chromatographic adsorbent in analytical chemistry. In culture media. Therapeutic (veterinary): Added to cow's milk for feeding orphan foals." 1

Vinculación

Los enlaces dobles: 0
triples enlaces: 0
enlaces sigma: 46
enlaces pi: 0
Total: 46
Grupos carboxilo: 0
Grupos hidroxilo: 8
Hibridación: all carbons and oxygens are sp3

Para más información

Fuentes

(1) - The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 13th ed.; Budavari, S.; O'Neil, M.J.; Smith, A.; Heckelman, P. E.; Kinneary, J. F., Eds.; Merck & Co.: Whitehouse Station, NJ, 2001; entry 5358.