LACTOSE - (63-42-3)

Einführung

Name: lactose; β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-D-glucose*; milk sugar
* IUPAC
CAS-Nummer: 63-42-3
Chemische Formel: C12H22O11
Molmasse: 342.29648 g
Aggregatszustand: white solid
Massenprozent: C 42.106 %; H 6.4782 %; O 51.415 % 
Isomers:  sucrose  •  maltose

Einstufung

• organisch • Äther

Verwendung / Funktion

• "Both forms of lactose are employed, with the α-form predominating: as a nutrient in preparing modified milk and food for infants and convalescents. In baking mixtures. Pharmaceutic aid (tablet and capsule excipient and diluent). To produce lactic acid fermentation in ensilage and food products. As chromatographic adsorbent in analytical chemistry. In culture media. Therapeutic (veterinary): Added to cow's milk for feeding orphan foals." 1

Kleben

Doppelbindungen: 0
Dreifachbindungen: 0
Sigma Bonds: 46
Pi Bonds: 0
Gesamt: 46
Carboxygruppen: 0
HYDROXYLGRUPPEN: 8
Hybridisation: all carbons and oxygens are sp3

Für mehr Informationen

Quellen

(1) - The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 13th ed.; Budavari, S.; O'Neil, M.J.; Smith, A.; Heckelman, P. E.; Kinneary, J. F., Eds.; Merck & Co.: Whitehouse Station, NJ, 2001; entry 5358.