LACTOSE - (63-42-3)

Inleiding

naam: lactose; β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-D-glucose*; milk sugar
* IUPAC
CAS nommer: 63-42-3
chemiese formule: C12H22O11
molêre massa: 342.29648 g
Toestand van materie: white solid
massa Persent: C 42.106 %; H 6.4782 %; O 51.415 % 
isomere:  sucrose  •  maltose

klassifikasie

• organiese • eter

Gebruike / Function

• "Both forms of lactose are employed, with the α-form predominating: as a nutrient in preparing modified milk and food for infants and convalescents. In baking mixtures. Pharmaceutic aid (tablet and capsule excipient and diluent). To produce lactic acid fermentation in ensilage and food products. As chromatographic adsorbent in analytical chemistry. In culture media. Therapeutic (veterinary): Added to cow's milk for feeding orphan foals." 1

binding

dubbelbindings: 0
trippelbindings: 0
Sigma Bonds: 46
Pi Bonds: 0
Totaal: 46
karboksielgroep Groepe: 0
hidroksielgroepe: 8
verbastering: all carbons and oxygens are sp3

Vir meer inligting

Bronne

(1) - The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 13th ed.; Budavari, S.; O'Neil, M.J.; Smith, A.; Heckelman, P. E.; Kinneary, J. F., Eds.; Merck & Co.: Whitehouse Station, NJ, 2001; entry 5358.