TAXOL - (33069-62-4)

Inleiding

naam: Taxol; paclitaxel; (2α,4α,5β,7β,10β,13α)-4,10-bis(acetyloxy)-13-{[(2R,3S)-3-(benzoylamino)-2-hydroxy-3-phenylpropanoyl]oxy}-1,7-dihydroxy-9-oxo-5,20-epoxytax-11-en-2-yl benzoate
* IUPAC
CAS nommer: 33069-62-4
chemiese formule: C47H51NO14
molêre massa: 853.90614 g
massa Persent: C 66.108 %; H 6.0199 %; N 1.6403 %; O 26.231 % 

klassifikasie

• organiese • aromatiese • ester • ketoon

Gebruike / Function

• "...has a significant activity against several forms of cancer, especially ovarian cancer...Some anticancer drugs kill cancerous cells without acting on DNA. Certain alkaloids, such as vincristine, and taxol, kill dividing cells by preventing the formation of cellular microstructures needed for division." 1

• "Tool in study of structure and function of microtubules. Antineoplastic." 2

Fisiese eienskappe

Smeltpunt:*
214°C †3 = 487.15 K = 417.2°F


* - 1 atm pressure
† - ontbind

binding

dubbelbindings: 15
trippelbindings: 0
Sigma Bonds: 119
Pi Bonds: 15
Totaal: 134
karboksielgroep Groepe: 0
hidroksielgroepe: 3

Vir meer inligting

Wikipedia
tydskrifte:
M. C. Wani et. al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 93, 2325 (1971)
P. B. Schiff et. al., Nature 277, 665 (1979)
G. Chauviere et. al., C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. II 293, 501 (1981)
R. A. Holton et. al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110, 6558 (1988)
K. C. Nicolaou et. al., Nature 367, 630 (1994)
A. Stierle et. al., Science 260, 241 (1993)
M. W. Saville et. al., Lancet 346, 26 (1995)
J. J. Manfredi, S. B. Horwitz, Pharmacol. Ther. 25, 83-125 (1984)
S. B. Horwitz et. al., Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 466, 733-744 (1986)
S. B. Horwitz, Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 13, 134-136 (1992)
C. D. Runowicz et. al., Cancer 71, 1591-1596 (1993)

Bronne

(1) - Suchocki, John. Conceptual Chemistry: Understanding Our World of Atoms and Molecules; Addison Wesley: San Francisco, California, 2001; pp 441, 450.
(2) - The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 13th ed.; Budavari, S.; O'Neil, M.J.; Smith, A.; Heckelman, P. E.; Kinneary, J. F., Eds.; Merck & Co.: Whitehouse Station, NJ, 2001; entry 7052.
(3) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 84th ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2003; p 3-508.