己二酸 - (124-04-9)

介绍

名称: adipic acid; hexanedioic acid; hexane-1,6-dioic acid
* IUPAC
CAS号码: 124-04-9
化学式: C6H10O4 or (CH2)4(COOH)2
摩尔质量: 146.1412 g
质量百分比: C 49.311 %; H 6.8970 %; O 43.791 % 
异构体:  ethyl oxalate

分类

• 有机 • 羧酸

用途/功能

• "Adipic acid is used in large quantities for the manufacture of nylon." 1

• "Manuf[acture] artificial resins, plastics (nylon), urethan foams. Used as acidulant in baking powders instead of tartaric acid, cream of tartar, and phosphates because adipic acid is not hygroscopic. As an intermediate in lubricating oil additives." 2

物理性能

熔点:*
153.2°C 3 = 426.35 K = 307.76°F
151°C 4 = 424.15 K = 303.8°F
沸点:*
337.5°C 3 = 610.65 K = 639.5°F
密度 (g/cm3):
1.360 at 25°C 3
* - 1 atm pressure

可溶性

定性:
微溶于:  4
混溶:  • 4

粘接

双键: 2
三键: 0
σ键: 19
丕债券: 2
总: 21
羧基: 2
羟基: 0

热化学

ΔHf° (s): -237.60 kcal/mol 5 = -994.12 kJ/mol
ΔHf° (ℓ): -235.51 kcal/mol 5 = -985.37 kJ/mol
ΔGf° (ℓ): -177.17 kcal/mol 7 = -741.28 kJ/mol
The heat of combustion is the amount of heat released when one mole of a substance undergoes combustion according to the general reaction equation:
CxHyOz + 0.25(4x+y-2z) O2 (g) → x CO2 (g) + 0.5y H2O (ℓ)

ΔHcomb° (s): -668.275 kcal = -2796.0916 kJ
ΔHcomb° (ℓ): -670.365 kcal = -2804.83616 kJ

了解更多信息

来源

(1) - Estok, George K. Organic Chemistry: A Short Text; W.B. Saunders: Philadelphia, 1959; p 141.
(2) - The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 13th ed.; Budavari, S.; O'Neil, M.J.; Smith, A.; Heckelman, P. E.; Kinneary, J. F., Eds.; Merck & Co.: Whitehouse Station, NJ, 2001; entry 163.
(3) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 3-187.
(4) - Estok, George K. Organic Chemistry: A Short Text; W.B. Saunders: Philadelphia, 1959; p 138.
(5) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:65.
(6) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:65.
(7) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:65.