アジピン酸 - (124-04-9)

導入

名: adipic acid; hexanedioic acid; hexane-1,6-dioic acid
* IUPAC
CAS番号: 124-04-9
化学式: C6H10O4 or (CH2)4(COOH)2
モル質量: 146.1412 g
重量パーセント: C 49.311 %; H 6.8970 %; O 43.791 % 
異性体:  ethyl oxalate

分類

用途/機能

• "Adipic acid is used in large quantities for the manufacture of nylon." 1

• "Manuf[acture] artificial resins, plastics (nylon), urethan foams. Used as acidulant in baking powders instead of tartaric acid, cream of tartar, and phosphates because adipic acid is not hygroscopic. As an intermediate in lubricating oil additives." 2

物理的特性

融点:*
153.2°C 3 = 426.35 K = 307.76°F
151°C 4 = 424.15 K = 303.8°F
沸点:*
337.5°C 3 = 610.65 K = 639.5°F
密度 (g/cm3):
1.360 at 25°C 3
* - 1 atm pressure

溶解度

定性:
難溶性:  4
混和性の:  • 4

ボンディング

ダブルボンズ: 2
三重結合: 0
σ結合: 19
パイ結合: 2
合計: 21
カルボキシル基: 2
水酸基: 0

熱化学

ΔHf° (s): -237.60 kcal/mol 5 = -994.12 kJ/mol
ΔHf° (ℓ): -235.51 kcal/mol 5 = -985.37 kJ/mol
ΔGf° (ℓ): -177.17 kcal/mol 7 = -741.28 kJ/mol
The heat of combustion is the amount of heat released when one mole of a substance undergoes combustion according to the general reaction equation:
CxHyOz + 0.25(4x+y-2z) O2 (g) → x CO2 (g) + 0.5y H2O (ℓ)

ΔHcomb° (s): -668.275 kcal = -2796.0916 kJ
ΔHcomb° (ℓ): -670.365 kcal = -2804.83616 kJ

詳細については

ソース

(1) - Estok, George K. Organic Chemistry: A Short Text; W.B. Saunders: Philadelphia, 1959; p 141.
(2) - The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 13th ed.; Budavari, S.; O'Neil, M.J.; Smith, A.; Heckelman, P. E.; Kinneary, J. F., Eds.; Merck & Co.: Whitehouse Station, NJ, 2001; entry 163.
(3) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 3-187.
(4) - Estok, George K. Organic Chemistry: A Short Text; W.B. Saunders: Philadelphia, 1959; p 138.
(5) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:65.
(6) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:65.
(7) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:65.