PELARGONIC ACID - (112-05-0)

Inleiding

naam: pelargonic acid; nonanoic acid*; 1-octanecarboxylic acid
* IUPAC
CAS nommer: 112-05-0
chemiese formule: C9H18O2 or CH3(CH2)7COOH
molêre massa: 158.23802 g
Toestand van materie: clear to yellowish oily liquid with rancid odor
massa Persent: C 68.312 %; H 11.465 %; O 20.221 % 
isomere:  isoamyl butyrate  •  ethyl heptanoate  •  heptyl acetate  •  3,5,5-trimethylhexanoic acid

klassifikasie

Gebruike / Function

• "In the production of hydrotropic salts (hydrotropic salts from aq[ueous] sol[utio]ns which dissolve sparingly sol[uble] substances to a greater extent than water); in the manuf[acture] of lacquers, plastics." 1

Fisiese eienskappe

Smeltpunt:*
12.3°C 2 = 285.45 K = 54.14°F
12.5°C 1 = 285.65 K = 54.5°F
Kookpunt:*
254.5°C 2 = 527.65 K = 490.1°F
digtheid (g/cm3):
0.9052 at 20°C 2
* - 1 atm pressure

oplosbaarheid

kwalitatiewe:
onoplosbare:  2
mengbare:  • • 2

binding

dubbelbindings: 1
trippelbindings: 0
Sigma Bonds: 28
Pi Bonds: 1
Totaal: 29
karboksielgroep Groepe: 1
hidroksielgroepe: 0
verbastering: single bonded carbons and oxygen are sp3; double bonded carbons and oxygen are sp2

Vir meer inligting

Bronne

(1) - The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 13th ed.; Budavari, S.; O'Neil, M.J.; Smith, A.; Heckelman, P. E.; Kinneary, J. F., Eds.; Merck & Co.: Whitehouse Station, NJ, 2001; entry 7141.
(2) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 3-224.