URANIUM(VI) FLUORIDE - (7783-81-5)

introduction

prénom: uranium(VI) fluoride; uranium hexafluoride
* IUPAC
Numero CAS: 7783-81-5
Formule chimique: UF6
Masse molaire: 352.0193292 g
État de la matière: colorless solid
Pourcentage de masse: U 67.618 %; F 32.381 % 

Classification

Usages / Fonction

• "Fluorine is used in the nuclear industries of many countries to make uranium hexafluoride for enrichment of uranium in the fissile 235U isotope...Repeated diffusion of UF6 (g) through porous plugs (or centrifugation of the vapor) concentrates 235UF6 relative to 238UF6, since the speed of diffusion varies inversely as the square root of the molecular mass. This enrichment is not needed for fueling power reactors with good neutron economy, such as the Canadian CANDU system. Gaseous diffusion plants for UF6 are expensive, not least because UF6 is itself an aggressive fluorinating agent and thus must be contained in special fluorine-resistant materials." 1

Propriétés physiques



Densité (g/cm3):
5.09 at room temperature/pressure 2
* - 1 atm pressure

Solubilité

Qualitatif:

Bonding

Bonding: ionic
Ionic Character: 69.09 %

Thermochimie

ΔHf° (s): -505 kcal/mol 3 = -2,112.92 kJ/mol
ΔHf° (s): -525.10 kcal/mol = -2197.0 kJ/mol 4
ΔHf° (g): -513.24 kcal/mol = -2147.4 kJ/mol 4
S° (s): 54.4 cal/(mol•K) 5 = 227.61 J/(mol•K)
S° (s): 54.40 cal/(mol•K) = 227.6 J/(mol•K) 6
S° (g): 90.32 cal/(mol•K) = 377.9 J/(mol•K) 6
ΔGf° (s): -485 kcal/mol 7 = -2,029.24 kJ/mol
ΔGf° (s): -494.38 kcal/mol = -2068.5 kJ/mol 8
ΔGf° (g): -493.24 kcal/mol = -2063.7 kJ/mol 8

Réactions

Pour plus d'informations

Sources

(1) - Swaddle, T.W. Inorganic Chemistry; Academic Press: San Diego, 1997; pp 230-231.
(2) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 4-93.
(3) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:4-9:94.
(4) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 5-16.
(5) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:4-9:94.
(6) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 5-16.
(7) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:4-9:94.
(8) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 5-16.
(9) - Swaddle, T.W. Inorganic Chemistry; Academic Press: San Diego, 1997; p 230.