NITROETHANE - (79-24-3)

Introduction

Name: nitroethane
* IUPAC
CAS Number: 79-24-3
Chemical Formula: C2H5NO2 or CH3CH2NO2
Molar Mass: 75.0666 g
Mass Percent: C 32.000 %; H 6.7136 %; N 18.659 %; O 42.627 % 
Isomers:  glycine*

Classification

• organic

Uses/Function

• "Solvent, artificial fingernail glue remover; in organic syntheses. Experimentally as a liq[uid] propellant." 1

Physical Properties

Melting Point:*
-89.5°C 2 = 183.65 K = -129.1°F
Boiling Point:*
114.0°C 2 = 387.15 K = 237.2°F
114°C 3 = 387.15 K = 237.2°F
Density (g/cm3):
1.0448 at 25°C 2
* - 1 atm pressure

Solubility

Qualitative:

Bonding

Double Bonds: 1
Triple Bonds: 0
Sigma Bonds: 9
Pi Bonds: 1
Total: 10
Carboxyl Groups: 0
Hydroxyl Groups: 0
Hybridization: carbons are sp3; nitrogen is sp2

Thermochemistry

ΔHf° (ℓ): -34.39 kcal/mol = -143.9 kJ/mol 4
ΔHf° (g): -24.81 kcal/mol = -103.8 kJ/mol 4
S° (g): 76.60 cal/(mol•K) = 320.5 J/(mol•K) 5

For More Information

Sources

(1) - The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 13th ed.; Budavari, S.; O'Neil, M.J.; Smith, A.; Heckelman, P. E.; Kinneary, J. F., Eds.; Merck & Co.: Whitehouse Station, NJ, 2001; entry 6630.
(2) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 3-156.
(3) - Shriner, Ralph L., Fuson, Reynold C., and Curtin, David Y. The Systematic Identification of Organic Compounds, 4th ed.; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1962; p 322.
(4) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 5-31.
(5) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 5-31.
(6) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 5-31.