PROPYLENE - (115-07-1)

Introduction

Name: propylene; propene
* IUPAC
CAS Number: 115-07-1
Chemical Formula: C3H6 or CH2CHCH3
Molar Mass: 42.07974 g
State of Matter: colorless gas
Mass Percent: C 85.628 %; H 14.371 % 
Isomers:  cyclopropane*

Classification

• organic • alkene

Uses/Function

• "10th most produced chemical in the United States - 18.53 billion pounds" 1

Physical Properties

Melting Point:*
-185.2°C 2 = 87.95 K = -301.36°F
Boiling Point:*
-47°C 3 = 226.15 K = -52.6°F

* - 1 atm pressure

Bonding

Double Bonds: 1
Triple Bonds: 0
Sigma Bonds: 8
Pi Bonds: 1
Total: 9
Carboxyl Groups: 0
Hydroxyl Groups: 0
Hybridization: single bonded carbon is sp3; double bonded carbons are sp2
Bonding: polar covalent
Ionic Character: 10.61 %

Reactions

For More Information

Sources

(1) - Reisch, Mark S.; Top 50 Chemicals Production Turned Back Up in 1987. Chemical & Engineering News, April 11, 1988, pp 30-33.
(2) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 3-288.
(3) - Estok, George K. Organic Chemistry: A Short Text; W.B. Saunders: Philadelphia, 1959; p 42.