NONANE - (111-84-2)

Introduction

Name: nonane
* IUPAC
CAS Number: 111-84-2
Chemical Formula: C9H20 or CH3(CH2)7CH3
Molar Mass: 128.2551 g
Mass Percent: C 84.282 %; H 15.717 % 
Isomers:  2-methyloctane

Classification

• organic • alkane

Physical Properties

Melting Point:*
-53.5°C 1 = 219.65 K = -64.3°F
Boiling Point:*
151°C 2 = 424.15 K = 303.8°F
149°C 3 = 422.15 K = 300.2°F

* - 1 atm pressure

Bonding

Double Bonds: 0
Triple Bonds: 0
Sigma Bonds: 28
Pi Bonds: 0
Total: 28
Carboxyl Groups: 0
Hydroxyl Groups: 0
Hybridization: all carbons are sp3
Bonding: polar covalent
Ionic Character: 10.61 %

Thermochemistry

ΔHf° (ℓ): -65.84 kcal/mol 4 = -275.47 kJ/mol
ΔHf° (g): -54.74 kcal/mol 4 = -229.03 kJ/mol
S° (ℓ): 94.09 cal/(mol•K) 5 = 393.67 J/(mol•K)
S° (g): 120.86 cal/(mol•K) 5 = 505.68 J/(mol•K)
ΔGf° (ℓ): 2.81 kcal/mol 6 = 11.76 kJ/mol
ΔGf° (g): 5.93 kcal/mol 6 = 24.81 kJ/mol
The heat of combustion is the amount of heat released when one mole of a substance undergoes combustion according to the general reaction equation:
CxHyOz + 0.25(4x+y-2z) O2 (g) → x CO2 (g) + 0.5y H2O (ℓ)

ΔHcomb° (ℓ): -1463.76 kcal = -6124.41544 kJ
ΔHcomb° (g): -1474.86 kcal = -6170.85784 kJ

For More Information

Sources

(1) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 3-223.
(2) - Estok, George K. Organic Chemistry: A Short Text; W.B. Saunders: Philadelphia, 1959; p 29.
(3) - Shriner, Ralph L., Fuson, Reynold C., and Curtin, David Y. The Systematic Identification of Organic Compounds, 4th ed.; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1962; p 314.
(4) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:86.
(5) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:86.
(6) - Dean, John A. Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 12th ed.; McGraw-Hill Book Company: New York, NY, 1979; p 9:86.