PENTANOIC ACID* - (109-52-4)

Introduction

Name: pentanoic acid*; valeric acid; butane-1-carboxylic acid; valerianic acid
* IUPAC
CAS Number: 109-52-4
Chemical Formula: C5H10O2
Molar Mass: 102.1317 g
State of Matter: colorless liquid
Mass Percent: C 58.800 %; H 9.8690 %; O 31.330 % 
Isomers:  ethyl propionate  •  propyl acetate  •  cis-1,2-cyclopentanediol  •  2-methyl-1,3-dioxane  •  tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol

Classification

• organic

Physical Properties

Melting Point:*
-34°C 1 = 239.15 K = -29.2°F
Boiling Point:*
186.1°C 1 = 459.25 K = 366.98°F
Density (g/cm3):
0.9391 at 20°C 1
* - 1 atm pressure

Solubility

Qualitative:
slightly soluble:  1
miscible:  • • 1

Bonding

For More Information

Sources

(1) - Lide, David R. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 83rd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2002; p 3-243.